29 chemicals used (and where used in large quantities) by the hydraulic fracturing companies where listed as either known possible human carcinogens, where regulated under the Safe Drinking Water Act due to the risks they posed to our health, or where listed as air pollutants under the Clean Air Act.
Methanol is a colorless liquid that also contains a pungent smell. The use of methanol carries along many different dangers and risks due to its explosiveness of the chemical and also the fact that it’s extremely toxic. The ingestion or even just the absorption of methanol through skin in small amounts (as little as one ounce) can cause irreversible injuries to your nervous system, blindness, or even in some cases death. (*MSDS Number 2016)
Under the clean air act, Ethylene Glycol is considered a hazardous air pollutant. (*Hydraulic Fracturing Report) It is odourless, colorless, and has a sweet taste to it. Its sweet taste makes it even more dangerous, due to the fact that people are more likely to consume it in large, lethal, quantities. (*Ethylene glycol) If ingested it is considered to be hazardous, and is slightly hazardous if it comes in contact with your skin, eyes, or if inhaled. If someone is exposed too often to large quantities of it they will most likely die. (*Material Safety Data Sheet Ethylene glycol MSDS)
Diesel, the third most commonly used ingredient in the hydraulic fracturing fluid is classified as being a known human carcinogen, is regulated under the Safe Water Drinking Act due to the risks that it poses to health, and is also considered to be a hazardous air pollutant under the Clean Air Act.. (*Hydraulic Fracturing Report) It’s MSDS information states that it is harmful for the environment, that it may have long term effects on aquatic life, that it may cause damage to lungs if swallowed, it may cause severe skin irritation and is extremely flammable. (*Diesel MSDS)