Industrial process of hydraulic fracturing

Hydraulic fracturing or also commonly known as fracking is currently the most popular and cost effective way of extracting natural gas from the earth. Although it’s mainly being done in the United States, companies in Canada are becoming more and more interested in it. The whole process starts off with a well being dug. Depending on the area, this well can be up to 10000 feet deep and then continues on horizontally. Once the well has been dug, hundreds of tanker trucks deliver water to the fracking site. Once there, a “pumper truck” mixes sand and other chemicals into the water, all essential for the fracture to work efficiently. This mixture is then pumped at an extremely high pressure down the well, causing the shale to crack. Debris and other things that get in the way are dissolved by the chemicals and the fractures are held open by the sand particles, this allows for the natural gas to flow up and out of the well. Once the gas exits the well, it is contained and then sent down pipes. This transports it to the market where it is sold. The water recovered from the process is stored in open pits where it sits for a while, and then it is transported by tanker trucks to a treatment plant. (*Hydraulic Fracturing: What is hydraulic fracturing?)